Monday, January 04, 2016

Viet Nam is celebrating the 70th Anniversary of the first General Election Day for the first National Assembly.

Exhibition marks 70th anniversary of Viet Nam's National Assembly

The exhibition features the history, activities and important achievements of the National Assembly over the past 70 years. It is expected to help young generations to look back on the country's glorious revolutionary traditions and to be grateful for the generations who sacrificed their life for the country's freedom.
— VNS Photo Doan Tung

HA NOI (VNS) — One thousand documents, books and photos featuring the history, activities and achievements of the National Assembly over the past 70 years are on display in Ha Noi. The exhibition, organised by the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sport, opened yesterday at the National Library of Viet Nam. It aims to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the first national General Election to elect deputies to the National Assembly (NA) of Viet Nam (January 6, 1946 – January 6, 2016).

The exhibition is expected to help the public understand better the activities of National Assembly, the highest representative organ of the people, which represents the aspirations of the people, and makes key decisions for the country on behalf of the people. "As the highest organ of state power, the NA has played an important role in national liberation," said Huynh Vinh Ai, Deputy Minister of Tourism, Culture and Sport.

"I hope that the exhibition will help young generations look back on the patriotism of Vietnamese people, to be proud of the country's glorious revolutionary traditions and to be grateful for the generations who sacrificed their life for the country's freedom," he adds.

The book and documents on display at the exhibition are divided into different themes. They feature landmarks related to the establishment of the National Assembly of Viet Nam including the first elections of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam which has now become the Socialist republic of Viet Nam. The public can also learn about the role of the NA in the country's liberation and reunification, as well as during the renewal period.

NA resolutions through thirteen elections are also featured, including key events for the country: revolution, construction of socialism, renewal, and protection of sovereignty over archipelagos. The show runs until next Tuesday (January 12) at the National Library of Viet Nam, located at 31 Trang Thi street, Ha Noi. — VNS

First National Assembly Election- Milestone of Democracy
National Times- 
The victory of the 1st National Assembly election on January 6, 1946 marked a leap of democratic institution in Vietnam’s history. 

On September 3, 1945, a day after the Declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was presented in Ba Dinh Square, Hanoi Capital, in the first meeting of interim government, President Ho Chi Minh had proposed one of six urgent tasks, the first election of National Assembly had to be held as soon as possible.

The event later took place on January 6, 1945 in the whole country, including conflict zones such as the South, South Central and Central Highlands.

People in Hanoi showed their support for the first election in 1946 (Photo: Internet)

Doctor Bui Xuan Duc, Director of Theoretical Centre under the Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee said that, though Vietnam had no experiences at that time to organize the congress election, the general one on January 6, 1945 manifested full contents and requirements of electoral principles that are equal, direct and secret ballot.

“The important success is that the election was a chance to build a democracy for people and by people through representative democracy system. The election was conducted in due course, consisting of listing candidates, making a list of voters, organizing the poll, vote counting and solving complaints and denunciations. Furthermore, the best feature of the poll is that we organized substantive election campaign, attracting people to participate in voting and favoring candidates of registering delegates”, Duc also affirmed.

The poll in January, 1946 was successful on a national scale. The number of voters enrolled in voting was 89%. There are many factors leading to the success, in which the main reason is that our people live under the new regime with the democratic system bringing full of human rights.

Historian Le Van Lan said: “This (the election’s success) represents an aspect of Ho Chi Minh thought. Besides the urgency of holding the first National Assembly election, the Communist Party still put all its faith in itself, the people and the nation. Because of their confidence, the first National Assembly was organized extremely successful and meaningful that made a difference to the modern history of Vietnam.”

The general election were formalized by establishing the National Assembly and official government, promulgating the Constitution, building apparatus of government had full of legally significance to represent the people of Vietnam internally and externally. In addition, the event also showed respect to rights of people.

Former Vice Chairman of the National Assembly Office Tran Ngoc Duong said the people of Vietnam from the existence of slavery to the owner of a free and independent country, that says to the world: the people of Vietnam are determined to protect the independence and were actually able to self-determine its historic destiny and build the new regime. Specifically, the 1946 Constitution asserted the construction of a strong government of people and for people.

The victory of the general election on January 1, 1946 celebrated a milestone of the state, which opened a new era, the epoch of a National Assembly, a unified government, a progressive constitution and a complete government system.

Duong also said: “The first Constitution was directly drafted by President Ho Chi Minh. As a result, the document inherited both legislative and constitutional techniques, which enhanced the rights of people adequately.”

From the first general election, progressive principles of election have continued to be grown through later national Constitutions and institutionalized in related laws.
Minh Hoa (Source: VOV

Images for Viet Nam’s first General Election, 1946

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